Unsecured Loans Canada

An unsecured loan in Canada means that there is no collateral that you have to put up in order to get the financing. As long as you qualify, you can get a personal or business loan in cash, and pay it back over a period of time with more interest. These loans are very popular and are used for a variety of purposes. For example, you may be looking to pay off unexpected bills or consolidate your credit cards. Or if you are a business owner, you may need an unsecured loan to pay for renovationsinventory or expand with a new location.

At Smarter Loans, you can pre-apply for your unsecured loan, and we will connect you to the most suitable unsecured loan provider that can process your application. You can also choose a specific provider of your choice below and click “apply now” to submit an application directly to them.

We can help connect you with the top loan providers in Canada.

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Top Unsecured Loans Canada Providers in Canada

Interest Rate
Up to $1600
29.78% - 44.80%
36 months
$500 - $35,000
9.99% - 46.96%
9 - 78 Months
$1,000 - $5,000
19.9% - 45.9%
12 - 36 months
$500 - $1,000
3 - 6 months
$250 - $7,000
6 - 60 Months
$1,000 – $10,000
19.9% - 46.9%
Line of Credit
$500 - $15,000
29.99% - 47.72%
12 - 60 Months
$400 - $1500
4 months to 12 months
$100 - $1,500
2 months
$300 - $20,000
12 - 60 Months
$1,500 to $10,000
12 months to 60 months
$500 - $15,000
18.9% - 46.93%
6 months - 5 years
$100 - $15,000
12 - 60 Months
$500 - $1,000
29.99% - 46.96%
84 - 120 days
$500 - $10,000
12.99% - 39.99%
9 - 36 Months

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What Is an Unsecured Loan?

Unsecured loans represent a financial solution predominantly driven by the borrower’s credit profile, as opposed to requiring collateral such as a property or vehicle. Both businesses and Canadian citizens can avail these loans, which depend solely on the borrower’s creditworthiness for the loan’s approval. Once the credit check is completed, the funds are transferred without needing to secure the loan with tangible assets like home equity or car title loans.

However, these loans’ terms, including the interest rate and the repayment period, are significantly influenced by the borrower’s credit score. A high credit score often translates into more favourable loan terms, including lower interest rates, thus reducing the monthly payments. On the other hand, a lower credit score could inflate the interest rates as lenders seek to offset the heightened risk.

It’s important to bear in mind that unsecured loans usually have higher interest rates compared to their secured counterparts. In a secured loan, lenders can recover their losses by selling the borrower’s pledged assets if the loan is not repaid. But with unsecured loans, no such provision exists. If a borrower fails to make monthly payments, the lender has no recourse to recoup their losses.

unsecured loans

Consequently, the estimated interest rate on these loans is typically higher to compensate for the increased risk. Even though unsecured loans can offer more money, they can lead to other debts if not managed properly. It’s essential to fully understand the loan agreement, including origination fees and the repayment period, before deciding to take one out.

Unsecured loans can be useful for various purposes, such as debt consolidation or covering medical expenses. However, potential borrowers must be mindful of how much interest they will end up paying over the loan term, considering the higher rates. This can influence whether an unsecured loan is the best financial choice for their needs.

Who Offers Unsecured Loans?


These types of loans in Canada can be obtained from a variety of lenders, including big banks and digital, FinTech lenders and private lenders. Many providers can be found online. However it is important to do your due diligence and ensure that you are dealing with a reputable provider and avoid any surprises when it comes to fees and interest rates.

Forms of Unsecured Loans


These come in a variety of types, tailored to accommodate diverse financial situations, lending purposes, and borrower requirements. While these loans are typically smaller than secured loans, they offer flexibility through different forms, particularly for borrowers with high credit scores.

Unsecured Revolving Loans

The most well-known type of unsecured revolving loan is the credit card. However, other forms exist, such as an unsecured personal line of credit, which can be used for short-term needs. The characteristic feature of these loans is the revolving cycle of borrowing money and repaying it, subject to certain limits. After each repayment, the borrower can take out the loan again. This flexibility, along with the lack of a need for collateral, makes revolving loans appealing to many, despite potentially higher rates of interest.

Unsecured Term Loans

These are traditional types of loans that are unsecured, similar in structure to many secured loans. With term loans, the loan amount is disbursed in a lump sum at the beginning of the loan term. Borrowers then make regular payments, usually monthly or biweekly, to repay both the principal and the interest. The loan terms, including the interest rate and repayment periods, are established during the loan application process. The amount of monthly payment depends on these terms and the loan amount. Repaying a term loan early can help borrowers save on the interest rate.

Unsecured Debt Consolidation Loans

This specific type of unsecured personal loan allows borrowers to merge their various outstanding debts, such as credit card debts, utility bills, or even payday loans, into a single loan. The aim is to replace multiple payments, often with higher rates of interest, with a single monthly payment at a lower interest rate. This can help individuals streamline their finances and potentially lower their overall debt burden.

However, it’s crucial to understand that not everyone will qualify for a loan. The approval process involves a thorough credit check. While individuals with a high credit score can easily access these loans, people with bad credit may face difficulty, as their financial risk is considered higher by lenders. These borrowers might find options with alternative lenders, credit institutions, or payday lenders, but they should be aware of the usually larger interest rate.

Whether you need funds to manage vehicle payments, apply for a line of credit, or simply borrow money for a short time, it’s crucial to understand your financial situation thoroughly before applying for an unsecured personal loan. Always remember to read the loan agreement carefully and consider the potential impact on your bank account, as these loans can carry larger interest rates and impact your credit score.

Take control of your finances and liberate yourself from the burden of multiple debts with a debt consolidation loan.

How to Qualify for an Unsecured Loan?


Qualifying for an unsecured loan, whether it’s an unsecured personal loan or a line of credit, typically requires demonstrating to lenders a solid financial profile. Lenders consider several factors when assessing a potential borrower’s creditworthiness, primarily focusing on credit history, consistent income, and occasionally, the availability of a co-signer.

Qualification Considerations

  • Credit History

    Your credit history is a key element that lenders scrutinize when processing your application. It provides insight into your past borrowing behavior, revealing patterns of spending and repayment. A credit history reflecting diligent, timely repayments and managed debt contributes to a higher credit score, making you an appealing candidate for unsecured personal loans. However, if your credit score is low or non-existent, don’t despair. There are ways to improve or build your credit over time, such as consistently paying bills and loans on time, even if they’re small payday loans or car payments.

  • Proof of Income

    While your credit score is crucial, your income stability is equally, if not more, significant. Lenders need to ascertain that you have a reliable income stream that ensures you can meet your loan payments after covering your everyday expenses. If you’re able to demonstrate a steady paycheck and sufficient surplus to service your loan, you’ll strengthen your chances of loan approval.

  • Co-signer

    In certain circumstances, particularly if your credit score is low or if you lack a regular income, lenders might require a co-signer as a safety net. This is a person who agrees to repay the money you borrowed if you default. Having someone with a good credit score can make it easier for you to qualify for a personal loan, even if you have bad credit. This option, however, should be considered carefully due to the potential financial and relationship strain it could cause.

    To qualify for unsecured loans, your focus should be on maintaining a good credit score, securing a steady income, and understanding the financial implications of getting a co-signer if necessary. Always be aware of the terms, including the interest rate, monthly payments, and the borrowing amount. Remember that unsecured personal loans may carry higher rates of interest than loans that are secured due to the lack of collateral.

    Whether you’re considering borrowing funds for debt consolidation, covering unexpected medical expenses, or for any other reason, make sure you thoroughly evaluate your finances before making a decision. You should also explore options with credit unions or other lenders, who might offer more flexibility or better loan terms for individuals with different financial backgrounds.

Consequences of Defaulting on Unsecured Loans

Unlike secured loans where the lender has the right to take possession of the pledged assets to recover their losses, unsecured personal loans don’t provide lenders with the same security. However, defaulting on an unsecured personal loan doesn’t mean the borrower is off the hook. Lenders have various methods to recover their losses.

The lender, for instance, may resort to a collection agency to recover the loan amount. If the borrower still fails to repay the loan, the lender can take the issue to court. If the court rules in favour of the lender, the borrower might face severe consequences, including wage garnishment or a lien on their assets.

Wage Garnishment

In a situation where a borrower defaults on their loan payments, wage garnishment could be a legal recourse. In this process, a portion of the borrower’s monthly income is directly redirected to the lender. This means a part of the borrower’s earnings from employment or even alternative income sources could be utilized to meet the loan payments.

Placing a Lien on Assets

In other cases, the court may authorize the lender to place a lien on the borrower’s property. This means that if the borrower sells the asset, the lender has the first claim on the proceeds, helping them recover their loan amount. The lien could be on any property owned by the borrower, from real estate to a vehicle.

Although unsecured personal loans may seem attractive due to the absence of collateral requirements, they should not be taken lightly. They come with their own set of risks, including potential legal action and negative impacts on the borrower’s credit score in case of default. It’s crucial to understand the loan terms, monthly payments, and the interest rate before borrowing funds.

Whether it’s for debt consolidation, covering medical expenses, or managing car payments, consider your finances thoroughly before taking out an unsecured personal loan. Ensure you have a stable income source to meet the payment amounts without straining your monthly budget. It’s always advisable to compare loan offers from different lenders, including banks, credit unions, and alternative lenders, to get the best terms possible. Always remember to have a plan to pay off the loan early to avoid higher interest rates over extended repayment periods.

To get additional information on how unsecured loans work, we advise you to check out this helpful guide from the Government of Canada.

Benefits of Unsecured Loans


Unsecured loans, whether in the form of personal loans, lines of credit, or payday loans, come with a unique array of benefits for borrowers, particularly those in need of smaller to medium-sized loans. The advantages include:


One of the most attractive features of unsecured loans is their non-recourse nature. Since these types of loans don’t require collateral, borrowers aren’t at risk of forfeiting personal assets if they fail to meet loan repayments on time. However, as previously highlighted, other legal avenues may be used by lenders to recover the debt, especially if the matter escalates to court.

No Collateral Requirement 

Unsecured loans are particularly beneficial for borrowers who do not possess any tangible assets to offer as collateral. This aspect expands access to credit for a larger pool of borrowers, enabling them to secure funding for their needs. It’s a boon for people who might not own significant assets, yet require financial assistance.

Potential Discharge in Bankruptcy

In the event a borrower files for bankruptcy, unsecured loans could potentially be discharged by the courts. This implies that the debt could be written off, giving some financial relief to the debtor. However, it’s important to note that this doesn’t occur in every case and is dependent on the specific circumstances of the bankruptcy.

Accessible for Those with Bad Credit

Although interest rates may be higher, unsecured loans such as payday loans could be accessible even for those with a bad credit history. Lenders may be more willing to issue these loans, considering the higher interest compensates for the potential risk involved.

Flexibility in Repayments

Unsecured loans often offer flexibility with equal payments spread over a defined period. This allows for better budgeting and financial planning on the part of the borrower.

Availability to Non-Property Owners

As unsecured loans don’t require collateral, they are a viable option for individuals who do not own property but have a stable income source and bank account. This opens up opportunities for a wider range of borrowers, including those who are yet to invest in property or substantial assets.

Whether you’re a Canadian citizen or residing elsewhere, it’s vital to fully understand the terms, including interest rates and repayment schedules, before applying for any type of unsecured loan. Remember, while unsecured loans don’t require collateral, they typically come with higher interest rates to offset the lender’s risk, so ensure to factor in the cost of borrowing in your financial planning.

Limitations of Unsecured Loans

While unsecured loans such as lines of credit and payday loans offer distinct benefits, they also present certain drawbacks for both private individuals and businesses. It’s crucial to understand these limitations before selecting this type of loan. Some of these drawbacks include:

Higher Interest Rates

Unsecured loans are often associated with higher interest rates. This is due to the greater risk lenders assume, given there’s no collateral to mitigate potential losses. As a result, the borrower may end up paying more in interest over the life of the loan compared to secured loans. Therefore, it’s essential to consider this additional cost when choosing between different types of unsecured loans or when comparing them with secured loan options.

Strict Qualification Criteria

Qualifying for an unsecured loan may not be straightforward. Lenders typically scrutinize the applicant’s credit history closely before approving the loan. If a business or individual lacks a solid credit history, it could lead to the rejection of the loan application. In some instances, even a lack of substantial credit history could result in a similar outcome, as lenders may find it challenging to assess the applicant’s creditworthiness.

Impact on Credit Score

Since the approval of unsecured loans heavily relies on the applicant’s credit score, failure to meet repayments can have severe negative implications on their credit. This can affect their ability to secure future loans or credit and potentially increase the interest rates on future borrowing.

Potential for Higher Overall Costs

The higher interest rates of unsecured loans can lead to higher overall costs, especially with certain types of unsecured loans like payday loans. This loan type can have exorbitant fees and interest rates, which can compound quickly if the loan isn’t repaid promptly.

Reduced Borrowing Amounts

Generally, unsecured loans offer smaller borrowing amounts than secured loans due to the higher risk involved. Therefore, they may not be suitable for individuals or businesses seeking larger sums of money.

Considering these potential drawbacks is crucial when deciding to apply for an unsecured loan. It’s always advisable to weigh the pros and cons, scrutinize the interest rate and terms of the loan, and evaluate your financial capacity for repayments before making a decision.


 There are a multitude of unsecured loan types in our day-to-day environment as well. Some of the cases where debt is provided without any asset backing are as follows: student loans, credit cards, personal lines of credit, payday loan, personal installment loans, and working capital loans for small business.

What Are Unsecured Loans Used For?


 These loans tend to have a good interest rate and be pretty versatile in the sense that they can be used for a range of purposes. Unlike some types of secured loans such as a mortgage or auto loan, which can be solely used to buy properties and cars respectively, unsecured loans can be used for purposes such as: consolidating debt, obtaining a payday loan, getting a line of credit, medical expenses, car repairs, starting a new venture or investing into a business, wedding or vacation, big ticket purchases and much more.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What Documents Are Needed for Personal Unsecured Loans?

While these may vary by lender, the baseline documentation required is: Government-issued ID (e.g. driver’s license), pay stubs and/or bank statements, proof of age, proof of residency.

How Much Can I Borrow with an Unsecured Loan?

While there is no stipulated limit theoretically, most institutions keep unsecured loans between $1,000 and $20,000 with an upper limit of $50,000. Typical repayment terms are between 6 months to 5 years.

What Kind of Fees Do Unsecured Loans Come with?

Aside from the interest rate, some lenders may charge an origination fee which is the cost of processing the loan. You should also ask if there are fees for NSF (insufficient funds) transactions as well as early repayment penalties.

Is There a Particular Credit Score Threshold I Need to Meet to Qualify for a Loan?

Each lender sets their own thresholds according to their internally defined risk parameters. However, a “good” credit score is generally defined as being in the 700+ range on a scale of 850. Typically even a fair score of 600+ would have a good chance of getting approved for an unsecured loan, considering other qualification requirements are all met.

Can I Qualify for an Unsecured Personal Loan with Bad Credit?

Yes, you can qualify for unsecured personal loans in Canada with bad credit. However, you will have to resort to unsecured bad credit loans. So, you will have to pay higher interest rates for the unsecured loans available to you. Beyond that, the only issue is you will have fewer unsecured personal loan options to choose from. However, you can still qualify for fast unsecured loans.

Unsecured bad credit lenders can be found online. If you are unable to qualify for a loan due to credit rating, you could try a secured loan, such as a home equity loan or a car title loan.

What’s the Difference Between an Unsecured and Secured Personal Loan?

An unsecured personal loan is a loan that doesn’t require any collateral. So, these loans are less risky for you because you don’t need to risk your personal assets.

While unsecured personal loans are less risky for you, your lender will see unsecured loans as riskier. Because they are dealing with more risk, lenders will charge higher rates for unsecured loans. They will also usually have higher credit score and income requirements for you to qualify for.

Secured personal loans are loans that require you to provide collateral. So, you must use a valuable asset, such as your home or vehicle, against the loan you are applying for. In this case, your lender will have something to fall back on if you fail to pay back the loan. Because it is less risky for the lender, they will charge you lower interest rates for a secured personal loan.

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