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Your home is almost certainly your biggest asset, and protecting it should be a priority. It probably already is: you might have a security system or home alarm, you lock your front door when you go out, you close windows when it rains, you protect your wifi password, and on and on… There are hundreds of little ways you protect your home every day, without even thinking about it. But one area of home protection that does require some thought is your home insurance. This type of insurance can protect both your home and you in the event of something unexpected or potentially catastrophic happening.
Here we’ve broken down everything you need to consider when choosing the right home insurance policy for you. Let’s start with some of Canada’s most reputable home insurance providers. Take a look at the table below to pursue their rates, coverage terms, and customer reviews, and click on any of their names to learn more about them. And read on for everything you need to know about protecting your biggest asset.
Home insurance is insurance against your personal, private property - both the dwelling itself, and its contents. This can be a home or a condo (or a rented apartment if you opt for tenant’ insurance). You, as the policyholder, pay a set fee (or premium) every month, in exchange for the insurance company (the insurer) covering the costs associated with any future unforeseen events. What’s covered by the policy is known as insured perils, and many policies come with a deductible - a small amount that you must pay upfront when making a claim.
Almost everyone needs home insurance; the very definition of an unexpected event is that you can’t plan for it. Whether it’s a fallen tree hitting your roof, a burst pipe, a theft, or something else, the costs to fix the damage or replace your items can escalate quickly. Think of the value of your home; how much you paid for it, plus the work you’ve put into it, plus all the fixtures and fittings, plus all your furniture and contents and personal items. That’s a lot of value all in one place, and home insurance is the single easiest and most cost-effective way to protect it against risk.
For those who used a mortgage to purchase their home, you are probably required to have home insurance. Most mortgage companies have this as a prerequisite, so that in the event of a catastrophe, they won’t lose out either.
Canada has seven distinct levels of home insurance coverage, designated as A-G. These accumulate in coverage levels and cost.
This level covers just the physical structure of your home: the walls, foundation, floors, windows, doors and roof. The coverage is calculated by considering what it would cost to rebuild the building completely, from scratch. Note that this is not the same as how much you paid for it, or how much it is valued at on the open market.
This level includes other structures located on the property but that aren’t part of the main home - garages, sheds, workshops, and so on.
This coverage includes all of your personal contents of the home (and its attached structures). This means everything - jewellery, art, furniture, appliances, electronics, clothes, and so on, up to a set limit per item.
Level D covers costs incurred when you are living away from home due to an insurable event. For example, if your home floods and you have to relocate temporarily to a hotel, level D coverage would cover these costs.
This is where the coverage starts to get more abstract; level E provides protection in the event that someone - anyone - is hurt or has their property damaged while in your home. So if someone falls down your stairs and incurs medical costs, this level would cover that eventuality.
Even more remote in possibility is if you have a visitor to your home and they are hurt by you, and you wish to voluntarily cover their medical expenses. This level is usually not required.
This coverage can be used to cover the costs you incur when damaging another person’s property, anywhere else in the world. This is the most comprehensive level of coverage but is rarely used.
There are also a lot of insurance add-ons that don’t fall within the guidelines of any of the above levels but that may be relevant to you. These include:
Most people won’t know the level of home insurance they want or need when searching for a policy, so to simplify things, providers talk about what’s available in broader terms. Generally, home insurance policies fall into four major categories:
Standard coverage, the most popular form of coverage, has set inclusions and exclusions. In particular, events that are covered are known as insured perils and include:
There are some common exclusions too; some of these can be added onto your policy for an extra cost, but you should know that they have to be requested:
Every insurer has slightly different terms when it comes to coverage; to make things trickier, they may even have different definitions of certain terms. What one company thinks of as an electrical surge may be defined differently elsewhere! So it’s incredibly important to read the terms of any home insurance policy, so you know what’s covered (and by how much), what’s excluded, your prohibited activities, and so on. This enables you to properly choose the coverage you need, identify add-ons if necessary, and choose your deductible.
If all that sounds like a lot, don’t worry. Most insurance companies are incredibly on-the-ball when it comes to collecting the relevant information and helping you to understand the different levels of coverage you qualify for. Most will even be able to bring up basic details of your home based on your address! This makes the process of applying for and choosing coverage much smoother than you’d expect.
The cost of home insurance depends on a few factors:
The most basic policies start as low as $10 a month, but the average Canadian spends $75 a month on premiums.
The amount of home insurance you need depends on the value of your home and its contents. To get a rough estimate, take an inventory of everything in and of your home and calculate its value. If you have specific high value items, these might need to be covered separately.
It’s very common to bundle home insurance with other insurance policies, such as auto insurance or life insurance. This is by no means required, but bundling can provide access to discounts that help reduce your premiums while maintaining a high level of coverage.
Reducing your home insurance premiums is something you can take an active step toward, by:
Tenant insurance is available to people who are renting their home, and so do not need insurance for the physical building itself, just for their personal contents. This insurance therefore only covers the items you own in the home, and as such is generally cheaper than full home insurance.